Confucius was born in 551 B.C. in Changping Country of the Lu
State. His name was Qiu and styled Zhongni.
Under the education of his mother, Yan Zhengzai Confucius was
interested in rites from childhood and practicing the rites by
displaying utensils at only six years old.
He was a poor descendant of a deposed noble family. As a child,
he held make-believe temple rituals ; as a young adult, he quickly
earned a reputation for fairness, politeness and love of learning,
and he was reputed to be quite tall. He traveled extensively and
studied at the imperial capital, Zhou, where he is said t
met and spoke with Lao Zi, the founder of Daoism.
When Confucius was 17 years
old in 546 B.C., his mother Yan zhengzai was died and was buried
with his father in one tomb. As same time, he was refused to take
part in banquet by Yanghu, the officer of Jisi.
When he was 19 years old, Confucius learnt to play the music of
Wen Wang Zao from the master Xiang for a long time until he understood
the music' meaning.
Upon his return to Lu, he gained
renown as a teacher, but when he was 35, Duke Zhao of Lu led his
country to war, was routed and fled to the neighboring country
of Qi ; in the disorder following the battle, Confucius followed.
Duke Zhao frequently came to him for advice, but upon counsel
of one of his ministers, he decided against granting land to Confucius
and gradually stopped seeking his counsel. When other nobles began
plotting against Confucius' position, Duke Zhao refused to intervene,
and Confucius returned to Lu. But conditions there were no better
than before, and Confucius retired from public life to concentrate
on teaching and studying.
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At age 50, he was approached
Baron of Qi to help defending against
a rebellion, but
he declined. He was later
made a city magistrate by the new Duke
of Lu, and under his administration the
city flourished. He was
times, eventually becoming Grand
Justice and, at age 56,
Chief Minister of Lu. Neighboring countries
began to worry that Lu would become too
powerful, and they sent
gifts and dancers to distract the duke
a sacrifice holiday. When the duke
abandoned his duties to receive
messengers, Confucius resigned and left
Confucius spent the next five
wandering China with his disciples, finding
that his presence
at royal courts was rarely
tolerated for long before nobles would
plotting to drive him out or have him killed.
He was arrested
once and jailed for five
days, and at 62 he was pursued, along
with his disciples, into the countryside by
a band of soldiers
sent by jealous nobles,
until he was able to send a messenger
the sympathetic king of a nearby country,
who sent his own
soldiers to rescue them.
Once again, Confucius was to be given
land but was denied it upon counsel of
another high minister.
After further wanderings, he eventually
returned to Lu at age
67. Although he was
welcomed there and chose to remain, he
not offered public office again, nor
did he seek it. Instead he
spent the rest of
his years teaching and, finally, writing.
died at 72.
Some sentences philosophic:
|Exploring the old and deducing
the new makes
|To learn without thinking is labour
in vain,to think without learning is desolation.
|To acknowlege what is known as
known,and what is not known as not known is knowlege.
|Men live with honesty. The dishonest
live, spared by fortune.
|Knowlege is not eaqual to devotion.
Devotion is not eaqual to joy.
|It is possible to speak of lofty
subjects with man who are above the average.It is not
possible to speak of lofty subjects with man who are
below the average.
|The wise enjoy the waters, the
benevolent enjoy the mountains; the wise are active,
the benevolent are placid; the wise are happy,the benevolent